Archer achieves qubit material functionality at room temperature in air


  • Archer Materials has engineered its qubit material to mimic a high vacuum environment, preserving quantum functionality at room temperature in air.
  • The semiconductor fabrication process is foundry-compatible and has the potential for technology translation to industrially scale Archer’s 12CQ qubit chip architecture.
  • The preservation of quantum coherence in Archer’s qubit material at room temperature in air demonstrates a significant advantage over qubit proposals that are difficult to integrate onboard modern day devices.
  • Archer’s unique qubit material is conveniently made from carbon, yet robust enough to generate quantum states for long enough times needed for quantum logic operations.
  • Archer Materials is the only ASX listed company and one of a few players in the world developing qubit processor technology.

SYDNEY, Australia, June 19, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Archer Materials Limited (“Archer”, the “Company”, “ASX: AXE”), a semiconductor company that advances the quantum computing and medical diagnostics industries, has achieved a significant development milestone in the functionality of its cutting-edge qubit material.

The Company recently optimised the room-temperature functionality of its qubit material (ASX ann. 8 Jun, 2023). Until now, there was a need for a vacuum or inert atmosphere when operating the qubit material to preserve viable quantum coherence times. To advance the Company’s 12CQ chip development, there is a requirement for simple and practical solutions to address quantum decoherence caused by air on the qubit material.

The Archer team has now for the first time preserved the qubit materials’ quantum coherence times and properties1 at room temperature in air while maintaining the intrinsic metallic-like character of the qubit material2. Importantly, the quantum coherence times meet the lower-bound requirements to perform gate operations for quantum information processing1. In the context of qubit processor development, applying foundry-compatible processes to readily handle and process a qubit material while preserving quantum coherence is significant.

The Archer team was able to achieve this pivotal development by applying methods of atomic layer deposition (“ALD”) and also plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition (“PECVD”), to encapsulate the qubit material with atom-layer control over nanometre and micrometre thin films of metal oxides and other semiconductors.

A typical example of encapsulation included approximately 20-25 atomistic layers on the nanometer sized qubit material that was processed in conformations relevant to planar device architectures. The processes are performed in a semiconductor foundry (Image 1). The qubit material was preserved despite the processing methods. ALD and PECVD are key processes in fabricating semiconductor devices.

Image 1. Archer staff in a research and prototyping semiconductor foundry in Sydney, Australia, operating some of the instruments used to encapsulate the qubit material.

Commenting on the newly developed nanomaterials technology, Dr Mohammad Choucair, CEO of Archer, said,

“This is a major achievement for Archer’s qubit development. It shows the strength of Archer’s strategy to be an enabler for the sector, with our innovations making qubit materials potentially more accessible and more easily embedded in modern day semiconductor fabrication processes for quantum logic device manufacture”.

“Archer has now demonstrated its qubit materials’ quantum coherence times observed at room temperature can be achieved under normal conditions, in air. This means the approach has the potential for technology translation to industrially scale Archer’s 12CQ qubit chip architecture.

“It is remarkable that Archer’s carbon qubit material is so readily produced yet remains robust post-processing to generate the fragile quantum states for the long enough periods of time needed for quantum logic operations in the qubit devices we are developing.

“Archer continues to move closer to making quantum processing devices in a much more easily-produced reality in everyday electronics with this latest milestone.”


Quantum coherence is the fundamental requirement for quantum logic operations that are the basis of any quantum computing qubit processor hardware. For potential integration and use of qubit materials in practical chip devices, it is significant to demonstrate and validate robustness at room temperature and under atmospheric environments.

Earlier this year, Archer announced that it was working towards a potential breakthrough in the semiconductor foundry packaging of the 12CQ chip architecture (ASX ann. Mar 16, 2023). As part of that work, Archer’s nanodevice engineers have been progressing the development of a method to encapsulate its qubit material. The encapsulation approach involves coating the qubit material with a nanometre-thin passivation layer, mimicking an ‘artificial vacuum’. The primary purpose of the encapsulation is to allow the qubit material to function under ambient conditions3. The work used common semiconductor foundry cleanroom processing methods.

This milestone links to the future operation and fabrication processing of Archer’s 12CQ chip and builds on previous work focused on qubit materials’ and device fabrication optimisation (ASX ann. 14 Oct, 2021 and 8 Jun, 2023).

The Board of Archer authorised this announcement to be given to ASX.

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About Archer

Archer is a technology company that operates within the semiconductor industry. The Company is developing advanced semiconductor devices, including chips relevant to quantum computing and medical diagnostics.

1 Room temperature manipulation of long lifetime spins in metallic-like carbon nanospheres. Nature Communications, Vol 7, July 2016, Article 12232 ( T1=T2=175 ns.
2 Origin of metallic-like behavior in disordered carbon nano-onions. Carbon, Vol 208, May 2023, Pages 303-310 (
3 At 20-25°C and approximately 1 atm in air.

A photo accompanying this announcement is available at

AXE Image 1