Fraser Institute News Release: Incomes in Windsor and London are $10-12,000 below incomes in Detroit, Buffalo and Cleveland

TORONTO, Nov. 28, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- In a ranking of employment incomes in the largest 107 metropolitan areas around the Great Lakes region for 2019, London (93rd) and Windsor (99th) are right near the bottom, finds a new study published by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Southwestern Ontario’s once prosperous cities are now economic laggards, with lower incomes from employment than people in large manufacturing cities south of the border,” said Ben Eisen, Fraser Institute senior fellow and co-author of Measuring Ontario’s Prosperity Gap at The Metropolitan Area Level.

The study compares median employment income—wages, salaries and commissions from paid and self-employment income (net) before taxes and government transfers—in the 107 largest metropolitan areas in Ontario, Quebec and American states bordering the Great Lakes.

Ontario’s metro areas are clustered near the bottom of the rankings. Specifically, out of the 20 bottom ranked jurisdictions, seven are found in Ontario, including London (93rd with median employment income of $36,180) and Windsor (99th and $34,190).

By comparison, other large manufacturing cities in the region such as Buffalo ($46,003), Cleveland ($45,096), Detroit ($45,419), and Chicago ($50,735) all had median employment income levels far in excess of Windsor and London.

“Employment incomes are generally higher in US metropolitan areas of the great lakes region—big and small—than they are in Ontario’s large urban areas,” said Eisen.

Median employment income in selected manufacturing metropolitan areas, 2019

Metropolitan AreaIncome Rank
(of 107)
Chicago, IL50,7355
Milwaukee, WI49,6368
Pittsburgh, PA49,33311
Indianapolis, IN46,23618
Buffalo, NY46,00322
Detroit, MI45,41926
Cleveland, OH45,09628
London, ON36,18093
Windsor, ON34,19099

Ben Eisen, Senior Fellow
Fraser Institute

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The Fraser Institute is an independent Canadian public policy research and educational organization with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal and ties to a global network of think-tanks in 87 countries. Its mission is to improve the quality of life for Canadians, their families and future generations by studying, measuring and broadly communicating the effects of government policies, entrepreneurship and choice on their well-being. To protect the Institute’s independence, it does not accept grants from governments or contracts for research. Visit