IPG Photonics Announces Fourth Quarter 2023 Financial Results

 Continued Growth in Welding and Medical Applications

Working Capital Discipline Resulted in Strong Cash Flow From Operations

MARLBOROUGH, Mass. , Feb. 13, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- IPG Photonics Corporation (Nasdaq: IPGP) today reported financial results for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2023.

 Three Months Ended
December 31,
     Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
(In millions, except per share data and percentages) 2023   2022   Change   2023   2022  Change
Revenue$298.9  $333.5   (10)% $1,287.4  $1,429.5   (10)%
Gross margin 38.2%  18.2%      42.1%  38.9%  
Operating income (loss)$28.8  $(88.5)  NM $232.0  $169.5   37%
Operating margin 9.6%  (26.5)%  
  18.0%  11.9%  
Net income (loss) attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation$41.4  $(92.9)   $218.9  $109.9   99%
Earnings (loss) per diluted share$0.89  $(1.91)  NM $4.63  $2.16   114%

NM - not meaningful.

Management Comments

"Fourth quarter revenue came in at the top of our expectations with higher sales in welding, cleaning, 3D printing and medical applications. We also saw increased demand in e-mobility applications outside of China. This growth was offset by continued soft industrial demand across many major geographies and lower sales in e-mobility applications in China," said Dr. Eugene Scherbakov, IPG Photonics' Chief Executive Officer. "In 2023, we focused on diversifying and growing our revenue outside of flat sheet cutting and away from China. Many of the emerging growth products delivered strong results and displaced other laser and non-laser technologies. IPG continued to generate strong cash flow from operations and returned capital to our stockholders."

Financial Highlights

Fourth quarter revenue of $299 million decreased 10% year over year. Changes in foreign currency translation reduced revenue growth by approximately $5 million or 2%. Materials processing sales accounted for 87% of total sales and decreased 12% year over year with higher sales in welding, cleaning and 3D printing offset by lower revenue in cutting. Sales in other applications increased 4% year over year. Emerging growth products sales accounted for 46% of total sales and benefited from growth in handheld welder, medical and higher beam delivery revenue.

Revenue in high power continuous wave (CW) lasers declined 19% year over year due to lower demand, high customer inventories and increased competition in cutting applications in China. Sales of pulsed lasers declined 40% compared with the prior year due to lower demand in solar cell manufacturing and foil cutting applications. By region, sales decreased 3% in North America, 25% in China and 5% in Japan. Sales increased 1% in Europe.

Gross margin of 38.2% increased year over year on significantly lower inventory provision, but was negatively impacted by reduced absorption of manufacturing expenses due to an intended decrease in inventory. Earnings per diluted share (EPS) was $0.89, an increase compared to the reported loss per diluted share in the prior year, but was down compared to prior year adjusted diluted EPS of $1.08.(1) Foreign currency exchange transaction loss decreased operating income by $0.4 million and earnings per share by $0.01 in the quarter. The effective tax rate in the quarter was 2% and benefited from certain discrete items. During the fourth quarter, IPG generated $106 million in cash from operations, and spent $25 million on capital expenditures and $64 million on share repurchases.

(1)Refer to supplemental schedule of non-GAAP financial measures for reconciliation details for the three months ended December 31, 2022.

Business Outlook and Financial Guidance

Total backlog was $691 million and consisted of $401 million of orders with firm shipment dates and $290 million of frame agreements. Total backlog decreased by 15%, driven by a 20% decrease in orders with firm shipment dates and 6% decrease in frame agreements. Fourth quarter book-to-bill was below 1.

"As we enter 2024, our visibility is still limited and macroeconomic conditions and global industrial demand remain challenging. These uncertainties are further compounded by large OEM customers delaying orders and managing inventories and e-mobility investments remaining soft. Some of our more mature markets are also seeing increased competition. However, we are working relentlessly on developing new markets and applications for our lasers as well as developing new products. We are targeting a number of large addressable markets where fiber lasers can replace existing technologies by taking advantage of several known trends, including automation and customer focus on increasing efficiency and reducing environmental impacts. We expect growth in the emerging products to continue and further diversify our revenue," continued Dr. Scherbakov. "While the beginning of the year is going to be challenging, we are expecting demand to improve as the year progresses. Given the headwinds, we are also focused on operational improvements, such as lowering product costs, managing expenses and reducing inventories in 2024."

For the first quarter of 2024, IPG expects revenue of $235 million to $265 million. The Company expects the first quarter tax rate to be approximately 25%. IPG anticipates delivering earnings per diluted share in the range of $0.30 to $0.60.

As discussed in more detail in the "Safe Harbor" passage of this news release, actual results may differ from this guidance due to various factors including, but not limited to, trade policy changes and trade restrictions, product demand, order cancellations and delays, competition, tariffs, currency fluctuations and general economic conditions. This guidance is based upon current market conditions and expectations, and is subject to the risks outlined in the Company's reports filed with the SEC, and assumes exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar of Euro 0.91, Russian ruble 90, Japanese yen 141 and Chinese yuan 7.08, respectively.

Authorization of New Stock Buyback Program

The Board of Directors authorized a new program to purchase up to $300 million of IPG common stock. Share repurchases may be made periodically in open-market or other transactions, and are subject to market conditions, legal requirements and other factors. The share repurchase program authorization does not obligate the Company to repurchase any dollar amount or number of its shares, and repurchases may be commenced or suspended from time to time without prior notice. Over the last three years, IPG has repurchased in excess of $850 million of its common stock.

Supplemental Financial Information

Additional supplemental financial information is provided in the unaudited Fourth Quarter 2023 Financial Data Workbook and Earnings Call Presentation available on the investor relations section of the Company's website at investor.ipgphotonics.com.

Conference Call Reminder

The Company will hold a conference call today, February 13, 2024 at 10:00 am ET. To access the call, please dial 877-407-6184 in the US or 201-389-0877 internationally. A live webcast of the call will also be available and archived on the investor relations section of the Company's website at investor.ipgphotonics.com.


Eugene Fedotoff
Senior Director, Investor Relations
IPG Photonics Corporation

About IPG Photonics Corporation

IPG Photonics Corporation is the leader in high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers used primarily in materials processing and other diverse applications. The Company’s mission is to develop innovative laser solutions making the world a better place. IPG accomplishes this mission by delivering superior performance, reliability and usability at a lower total cost of ownership compared with other types of lasers and non-laser tools, allowing end users to increase productivity and decrease costs. IPG is headquartered in Marlborough, Massachusetts and has more than 30 facilities worldwide. For more information, visit www.ipgphotonics.com.

Safe Harbor Statement

Information and statements provided by IPG and its employees, including statements in this press release, that relate to future plans, events or performance are forward-looking statements. These statements involve risks and uncertainties. Any statements in this press release that are not statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including developing new products and new markets and applications for our fiber lasers, targeting a number of large addressable markets, fiber lasers replacing existing laser and non-laser technologies, growth in the emerging products to continue and further diversify our revenue, expecting demand to improve as the year progresses, as well as revenue, tax rate and earnings guidance, and the impact of the U.S. dollar on our guidance for first quarter of 2024. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include risks and uncertainties, including risks associated with the strength or weakness of the business conditions in industries and geographic markets that IPG serves, particularly the effect of downturns in the markets IPG serves; uncertainties and adverse changes in the general economic conditions of markets; inability to manage risks associated with international customers and operations; changes in trade controls and trade policies; IPG's ability to penetrate new applications for fiber lasers and increase market share; the rate of acceptance and penetration of IPG's products; foreign currency fluctuations; high levels of fixed costs from IPG's vertical integration; the appropriateness of IPG's manufacturing capacity for the level of demand; competitive factors, including declining average selling prices; the effect of acquisitions and investments; inventory related charges; asset impairment charges; intellectual property infringement claims and litigation; interruption in supply of key components; manufacturing risks; government regulations and trade sanctions; and other risks identified in IPG's SEC filings. Readers are encouraged to refer to the risk factors described in IPG's Annual Report on Form 10-K (filed with the SEC on February 27, 2023) and IPG's other reports filed with the SEC, as applicable. Actual results, events and performance may differ materially. Readers are cautioned not to rely on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. IPG undertakes no obligation to update the forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

Use of Non-GAAP Adjusted Financial Information

The Company’s financial results in this press release are provided in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). The Company has also included certain supplemental non-GAAP financial information regarding adjusted gross profit, adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per share (each, a non-GAAP financial measure). The non-GAAP financial measures provided are a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the Company’s financial results presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures are provided to enhance the investor's understanding and aid in their analysis of the Company's ongoing operations. Specifically, the Company believes the non-recurring impact of certain long-lived asset impairment, restructuring charges, inventory related charges, gain or loss on sale of assets and foreign currency gains or losses, are not indicative of its core operating results and may obscure trends useful in evaluating the Company's continuing operating activities. The presentation of non-GAAP financial measures is not meant to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for results prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Also, these non-GAAP financial measures, as determined and presented by the Company, may not be comparable to related or similarly titled measures reported by other companies. Reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to their most comparable GAAP measures are included in the financial statements portion of this press release.

 Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
 (In thousands, except per share data)
Net sales$298,893  $333,539  $1,287,439  $1,429,547 
Cost of sales 184,726   272,715   745,741   874,134 
Gross profit 114,167   60,824   541,698   555,413 
Operating expenses:       
Sales and marketing 22,161   17,876   85,679   76,643 
Research and development 27,714   26,620   98,704   116,114 
General and administrative 35,003   33,365   125,749   131,253 
Gain on divestiture and sale of asset    (10,098)     (31,846)
Impairment of long-lived assets    79,030   1,237   79,949 
Restructuring charges (recoveries), net 69   9,697   (288)  9,697 
Loss (gain) on foreign exchange 442   (7,186)  (1,356)  4,103 
Total operating expenses 85,389   149,304   309,725   385,913 
Operating income (loss) 28,778   (88,480)  231,973   169,500 
Other income, net:       
Interest income, net 13,369   7,888   41,735   12,620 
Other income, net 6   548   1,167   1,231 
Total other income 13,375   8,436   42,902   13,851 
Income (loss) before provision of income taxes 42,153   (80,044)  274,875   183,351 
Provision for income taxes 725   12,851   55,997   72,589 
Net income (loss) 41,428   (92,895)  218,878   110,762 
Less: net income attributable to non-controlling interests          853 
Net income (loss) attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation$41,428  $(92,895) $218,878  $109,909 
Net income (loss) attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation per share:       
Basic$0.89  $(1.91) $4.64  $2.17 
Diluted$0.89  $(1.91) $4.63  $2.16 
Weighted average shares outstanding:       
Basic 46,533   48,720   47,154   50,761 
Diluted 46,656   48,720   47,320   50,925 

 December 31, December 31,
  2023   2022 
 (In thousands, except share and
per share data)
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$514,674  $698,209 
Short-term investments 662,807   479,374 
Accounts receivable, net 219,053   211,347 
Inventories 453,874   509,363 
Prepaid income taxes 26,038   40,934 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 38,208   47,047 
Total current assets 1,914,654   1,986,274 
Deferred income taxes, net 88,788   75,152 
Goodwill 38,540   38,325 
Intangible assets, net 26,234   34,120 
Property, plant and equipment, net 602,257   580,561 
Other assets 28,425   28,848 
Total assets$2,698,898  $2,743,280 
Current liabilities:   
Current portion of long-term debt$  $16,031 
Accounts payable 28,618   46,233 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 181,350   202,764 
Income taxes payable 4,893   9,618 
Total current liabilities 214,861   274,646 
Other long-term liabilities and deferred income taxes 68,652   83,274 
Total liabilities 283,513   357,920 
Commitments and contingencies   
IPG Photonics Corporation equity:   
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 175,000,000 shares authorized; 56,317,438 and 46,320,671 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, at December 31, 2023; 56,017,672 and 48,138,257 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, at December 31, 2022. 6   6 
Treasury stock, at cost, 9,996,767 and 7,879,415 shares held at December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. (1,161,505)  (938,009)
Additional paid-in capital 994,020   951,371 
Retained earnings 2,795,394   2,576,516 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (212,530)  (204,524)
Total equity 2,415,385   2,385,360 
Total liabilities and equity$2,698,898  $2,743,280 

 Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2023   2022 
 (In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net income$218,878  $110,762 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization 69,621   90,564 
Impairment of long-lived assets and restructuring charges (recoveries), net (486)  79,949 
Provisions for inventory, warranty & bad debt 61,058   153,652 
Gain on divestiture and sale of asset    (31,846)
Other 1,471   11,789 
Changes in assets and liabilities that (used) provided cash, net of acquisitions:   
Accounts receivable and accounts payable (26,714)  21,926 
Inventories 1,823   (189,013)
Other (29,665)  (35,134)
Net cash provided by operating activities 295,986   212,649 
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Purchases of and deposits on property, plant and equipment (110,483)  (110,141)
Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment 31,241   26,862 
Purchases of short-term investments (1,232,863)  (1,117,022)
Proceeds from short-term investments 1,073,993   1,446,355 
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired    (2,000)
Proceeds from divestiture, net of cash sold    52,941 
Other 558   (43)
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities (237,554)  296,952 
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Principal payments on long-term borrowings (16,031)  (18,126)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock option and purchase plans less payments for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards 3,147   5,583 
Purchase of treasury stock, at cost (223,496)  (499,506)
Purchase of non-controlling interests    (2,500)
Net cash used in financing activities (236,380)  (514,549)
Effect of changes in exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents (5,587)  (5,948)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents (183,535)  (10,896)
Cash and cash equivalents — Beginning of period 698,209   709,105 
Cash and cash equivalents — End of period$514,674  $698,209 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:   
Cash paid for interest$1,284  $3,214 
Cash paid for income taxes$62,916  $113,200 

 Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
 (In thousands)
Amortization of intangible assets:       
Cost of sales$550  $608  $2,242  $3,632 
Sales and marketing 1,283   1,469   5,653   6,822 
Total amortization of intangible assets$1,833  $2,077  $7,895  $10,454 

 Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
 (In thousands)
Cost of sales$1,265  $2,507  $7,929  $11,741 
Sales and marketing 1,376   1,180   5,421   4,889 
Research and development 3,225   1,696   9,396   7,585 
General and administrative 6,276   3,750   16,858   14,120 
Total stock-based compensation 12,142   9,133   39,604   38,335 
Tax effect of stock-based compensation (2,644)  (1,982)  (8,660)  (8,261)
Net stock-based compensation$9,498  $7,151  $30,944  $30,074 

 Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
 (In thousands)
Excess tax (detriment) benefit on stock-based compensation$(94) $(478) $(1,835) $(2,732)

 Three Months Ended December 31,
(In thousands, except percentages)  Gross Margin
Gross profit$60,824   18.2%
Add: Inventory provision and related charges 74,055   
Adjusted gross profit$134,879   40.4%

 Three Months Ended December 31,
(In thousands, except per share data)Before Tax Tax Impact After Tax Per Diluted Share
Net (loss) income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation and diluted EPS    $(92,895) $(1.91)
Adjustments to reconcile to adjusted net income:       
Inventory provision and related charges$74,055  $(14,811)  59,244   1.21 
Long-lived asset impairment 79,030   (15,806)  63,224   1.30 
Other restructuring charges 9,697   (2,031)  7,666   0.16 
Gain on divestiture and sale of asset (10,098)  2,322   (7,776)  (0.16)
Gain on foreign exchange (7,186)  953   (6,233)  (0.12)
Discrete tax impacts   29,490   29,490   0.60 
Total adjustments$145,498  $117  $145,615  $2.99 
Adjusted net income and adjusted diluted EPS    $52,720  $1.08